William Randolph Hearst

Newspaper baron William Randolph Hearst founded the Chicago American in 1900, with a desire to take over the Chicago Tribune.

It was a literal newspaper war in 1907 Chicago, with Hearst's men seizing Tribune delivery trucks, and emptying them into the Chicago River. Those carriers and newsstand dealers who refused to stop carrying the Trib were beaten.

The Tribune struck back by hiring away Max Annenberg, Hearst's top thug. This led to hijackings, kidnappings, bombings, and gunfire. No major newspaper would report on it, with only a small Socialist paper getting the word out. The war came to an end when the Tribune was able to get cheaper newsprint by buying Canadian timber rights and building paper mills there, ultimately putting the Chicago American out of business.1

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